Magnitude 7.0 earthquake 15 km from Onagawa, Miyagi, Japan · 10:09

Written by usadigg

The Tokyo City Council has published a comprehensive disaster guide. It is recommended to download it and read it immediately (or even better, after reading it, print it out and put it in your emergency case). Don’t worry: it’s general enough to apply to the rest of Japan.

But for busy people, here’s a summary of what you should know about what to do before, during, and after an earthquake in Japan.

Before a quake
Know the evacuation routes not only from your home, but also from your work, your children’s schools, and the places you visit frequently, and print maps because you can’t rely on Google in the event of a disaster.
Write down important phone numbers and keep them in your emergency equipment. In addition to the contacts of family and friends, also note the emergency contacts and the number of your embassy.
Prepare a stock pile of water and non-perishable food and check your earthquake kits annually for the expiry date.
Standard earthquake equipment includes: a flashlight, a portable radio, batteries, chargers, a can opener, a first aid kit, blankets, rain clothes and copies of important documents (passports, bank details, the certificate for your home [kenrisho], etc.) and cash.
Develop a security mindset. For example.B, fill up your car’s gasoline tank when it’s half empty, and watch out for evacuation signs when you visit new places – and learn quake-related vocabulary and its kanji if necessary.
Secure your home against earthquakes. Secure furniture (cabinets, bookshelves, etc.) and large electronic devices (microwaves, refrigerators, etc.) that could fall over in the event of a quake. Japanese DIY stores have a wide range of belts and tools for fixing and securing objects.
If you are not a Japanese citizen, register with your embassy.
Check the civil protection page of your district office (Tokyo districts).
Download an Earthquake app. Many Japanese mobile phones now have earthquake alarms in their system operating system. The most widely used quake app is Yurekuru Call (Android) (iOS). It can give a few seconds of warning.
During a quake
If you are in the house:

Drop: Lowering your center of gravity helps you stay calm during a quake.
Cover: Your head and neck are at risk of injury, as items may fall from shelves or from the ceiling. If you’re outside in an urban area, look out for shards of glass, bricks, or cement falling from buildings. Use your bag, backpack or wallet to protect your head and neck.
Hold on: Hold on to something so as not to get injured in severe shocks. Although most earthquakes last only 10 seconds, each of them could be “the big one” that lasts for minutes and gets worse.
If you are travelling by public transport:

Follow the same guidelines as described above – drop (away from the windows), cover, record. Stay calm and follow the conductor’s instructions.

If you are in a car

Stop immediately and move away from any falling debris from trees, buildings, overhead lines, or overpasses. Wait in the car if you can. Set the radio to emergency messages. If you need to be evacuated, don’t forget to leave your car doors unlocked and your keys in the ignition lock in case the emergency services need to move your car. And make sure your car doesn’t block emergency vehicles.

After a quake
If you live in a coastal area, don’t wait for an official tsunami evacuation. Head to higher ground. You can check your portable radio or phone (when it’s online) for updates later.
If you are trapped under debris, cover your mouth. Tap rhythmically on a pipe or wall, or send a text message to get help instead of screaming. This saves you energy and oxygen.
Be creative in communication. If the phone lines are broken, try other applications or SMS services. After the disaster in March 2011, many people successfully stayed in touch with family and friends, for example via Twitter.
Do not use the elevators when evacuating buildings, even if it appears that the quake has stopped. Think about the probability of aftershocks and use the stairs.

Do not use the elevators when evacuating buildings, even if it appears that the quake has stopped. Think about the probability of aftershocks and use the stairs.
Immediately turn off the gas (and be careful with flames from lighters until you have verified that there is no gas leak). If you need to evacuate your house, turn off your circuit breaker.

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