Hearing problems usually affect those affected gradually, and it may take some time for their symptoms to be detected. If you are looking for information about health care for yourself and your family, you’ve come to the right place. In this article, we present some evidence of hearing loss, the possible causes of the disease, and treatment options. Follow the article to learn more!
KNOW THE TYPES OF HEARING LOSS
Our hearing decreases with age. This usually starts between the ages of 30 and 40. After that, there is a progressive decline, and in the 1980s the deficiency becomes significant. Hearing loss is divided into two categories:
It occurs from the moment when the sound no longer reaches the inner hearing system. It can be a consequence of excess earwax (earwax), middle ear infections, eardrum injuries or otosclerosis (abnormal growth of the ear bones, which eventually leads to the resting of the stirrup and numbness).
In this type, the cause is the failure of the auditory nerve. Sound waves reach the inner ear; however, the nerve does not convert the vibrations received into electrical signals to the brain as a result of the damage suffered.
UNDERSTAND THE MAIN CAUSES OF HEARING PROBLEMS
The reasons for the occurrence of hearing problems are manifold and can be based on illnesses or everyday habits. Learn about the most common causes of hearing loss:
It is a major cause of hearing problems. The longer the exposure time, the greater the possibility of permanent loss of hearing. Environments where noise is part of daily life (factories, buildings and steelworks) can damage the hearing aid.
Another important cause of hearing loss is aging, which is due to degenerative changes. This age-related loss is called Presbycusis. It affects the temple leg, the hearing pathways and the cerebral cortex. Aging also affects the rear labyrinth.
Genetic mutations inherited from parents to their children can cause congenital hearing loss. His symptoms can be diagnosed in the first months or years of life of the little ones. The diagnosis is based on audiometric tests, the evaluation of the patient’s family history and molecular genetic analysis.
EXPOSURE TO EXPLOSIVE NOISE
Very loud noises, such as .B an explosive or a shot, can cause acoustic trauma. This trauma is a sudden hearing loss due to loudness. Continuous exposure to loud noise can also cause noise-related hearing loss (NIHL).
LEARN HOW TO IDENTIFY HEARING LOSS
To verify that you or one of your family members have this problem, refer to the following situations:
- Television with a louder tone: People with hearing problems listen to TELEVISION at a higher volume than normal. When they watch TV in the company of other people, it is customary for them to ask to increase the volume;
- You don’t hear the phone or the ringing at the door;
- Confusing lines with whispers: Having the feeling that other people are whispering can be a sign of a hearing problem;
- Difficulty hearing in certain environments: Generally, very noisy places make it difficult to hear. However, if the person is unable to hear all the language in these situations, it is advisable to have a hearing test performed.
There are several treatment options for hearing problems:
- Removal of earwax
- Treatment of acute infections
- Tympanoplasty (reconstruction of the perforated eardrum)
- Use of hearing aids
However, avoid self-medication. The decision must be made by the specialist, who, on the basis of examinations and diagnoses, determines the severity of the problem and identifies the best treatment options for hearing loss.