An abscess is a pus ball that forms as a result of an infected wound or a bite under the animal’s skin. Some abscesses are deeper and occur on organs in response to a disease. In any case, it is important to take this type of condition seriously, as an abscess can escalate and lead to serious complications. Discover the characteristics of this type of wound and our advice on how to treat it.
What is an abscess?
An abscess is a pus ball that forms under the skin of a cat. This sphere is larger or smaller depending on the infection. This infection is the result of an injury that has not been treated or has been insufficiently treated. After the injury, the bacteria develop under the skin at the level of the wound and form a pus mass within a few days, usually two to three days. Often the abscess is painful, even very painful for the cat.
What are the possible causes of an abscess?
There are two types of abscesses: superficial abscesses and deep abscesses.
- A superficial abscess is usually due to a badly treated and infected wound. This wound can be very small, like a simple bite, or larger, like a cut or a bite wound. Due to the contamination of the wound, the cause of the injury (sick animal or infectious element) and also the fact that the cat can lick the wound again and again, bacteria grow and form an abscess. This type of abscess is usually visible on the surface or at least noticeable when touched.
- A deep abscess forms on an organ, such as.B the lungs, intestines, stomach or even the liver. They are usually invisible because they lie inside. They are the result of diseases such as .B or constipation, and are only diagnosed by additional examinations, in particular ultrasound or blood tests.
The abscess can quickly escalate and lead to serious complications. It is therefore important to act correctly and to visit the veterinarian immediately.
What are the symptoms of an abscess?
Here are the symptoms of an abscess:
- When scanning, you will feel a more or less large, more or less soft and mostly hot bump under the skin of the animal.
- Your cat will tend to moan or react when you touch it, in response to the pain caused.
- The animal may have a wound or bite wounds.
- The cat has a fever and can appear tired.
- The affected area is depilated and the skin is gradually damaged. The epidermis can even necrotize in the absence of care.
- Without treatment, the abscess can tear down. Pus comes out of it and the wound usually smells terrible.
What diagnosis for an abscess?
If you have the slightest doubt or feel a bump, you should visit the veterinarian immediately. The specialist will examine the cat and scan the infected site to assess the stage of development of the abscess. In this way, he can prescribe the necessary care and treatment to treat him.
How to treat an abscess?
The treatment of the abscess and the reaction to it depends on its stage of development.
A recent abscess
In a recent abscess, the first symptoms appear in the form of hot, swollen and inflamed skin, with the cat feverish and tired and licking excessively at the affected area.
In this case, the cat can be put on antibiotic treatment and anti-inflammatory drugs. This is often enough to eliminate the abscess and stop the infection.
An old abscess
The old abscess is usually very painful, visible and full of pus. It can exude a nasty smell.
To treat it, the vet cuts the pus bag with a scalpel. He empties them, hardens them, disinfects them, and cleans them before closing the wound. The animal can, but does not have to sleep, and a collar is applied to prevent the belecken while the wound heals. Often, several days of care is required to eliminate all traces of the infection.
A pierced abscess
An untreated abscess tends to infect the skin around it. This is necrotized and the bag is pierced, releasing the pus.
The veterinarian cleans the wound, removes the necrotic skin and disinfects the abscess before sewing the incision. Afterwards, it is important to ensure a good healing and to disinfect the wound regularly to prevent the recurrumation of bacteria.
Sometimes untreated or improperly treated abscesses can infect the whole body of the cat. The bacteria grow in the blood, spread and reach all organs. This is sepsis. The animal then develops many serious diseases, some of which can lead to the death of the animal.
The veterinarian must be consulted as a matter of urgency so that he can treat the animal appropriately.
Taking the right measures
It is important to prevent the cat from licking its abscess so that it does not become infected. Be sure to keep your pet’s vaccinations up-to-date to prevent certain diseases and protect your cat from attacks by other animals as much as possible.
If you notice the presence of an abscess, you can place a clean cloth soaked with an antiseptic on the wound. Do not touch them again and go to the vet as soon as possible to perform the correct treatment.